Will of Sir Alexander Temple

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Transcript from PROB 11/156 of the registered copy of the will of Sir Alexander Temple, written on 21 November 1629 and proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 19th December 1629. The transcript and the notes were originally published on the Your Archives website which is now closed and archived.


In the name of the most holy Trinity Amen:

I make this my last will and testament renouncing all other wills though sicke in bodie yet in perfect memory thankes be to allmightie god for the same, And I ordaine my lovinge cousin Carew Saunders[1] and Robert Awbery Merchant and Henry Whalley[2] gent my whole executors,

item I give the manor of Roshall[3] and Ashams in the county of Suffolk unto them to sell at their pleasure and also my lands in Essex[4] and all[5] the lands I have in this kingdome. First to pay all such debtts as my sonne James Temple[6] stands ingaged for me and then to discharge themselves. The rest to remayne to my sonne James and his heirs forever

Item I give my loving wife[7] all her clothes(?) plate and household stuff; and all my goodes and chattells I have in the countie of Sussex.[8]

Item I give to my servant Wm Collins 20. In witness whereof I have putt to my hand and seale the 21th[9] of November 1629: Alexander Temple

witness hereof William Collins, the mark of Susan Wause


Probate granted to Carew Saunders and Robert Awbery - 19th December 1629[10]


  1. Carew Saunders was the son of his sister Millicent and Edward Saunders of Brixworth in Northamptonshire and thus Sir Alexander's nephew rather than his cousin
  2. Henry Whalley was the brother of Thomas Whalley who was the husband of Mary Penistone, Sir Alexander's step-daughter. Another brother was Edward Whalley, the regicide
  3. Rose Hall or Roos Hall. Some indication of how the manor came into his possesion is found in the Will of Sir John Suckling. See: W. A. Coppinger, The Manors of Suffolk. Notes on their history and devolution. 7 vols, London 1905, Vol 7 page 160.
  4. The Essex land (in Chadwell and Little Thurrock) was duly sold to Thomas Ravenscroft in 1630 - See Essex Record Office D/DRU/T1/232
  5. Inserted in the registered copy
  6. See A Chancery Case between James Temple and Edward Whalley for more about James Temple and Edward Whalley
  7. His unamed wife was Dame Mary Temple whose own will was proved in 1655
  8. He is described as being "of Chadwell, Essex" in the catalogue entry TNA catalogue entry, but not in the will itself. His Sussex residence (referred to but unnamed in the will) was Haremere Hall in Etchingham which was held through his then wife's first husband - John Busbridge. A series of Certificates of Residence (E 115/371/32, E 115/392/125, E 115/394/53, E 115/394/78, E 115/394/141) confirm that he had a residence in both counties.
  9. Presumably pronounced one and twentieth
  10. Sir Alexander Temple was buried on or before 22nd December 1629 in the Cathedral Church, Rochester, Kent. The registers for the Cathedral begin too late to record the burial, but the registers of St Nicholas record that his body rested in that church prior to burial in the Cathedral. See - Register of St Nicholas, Rochester, December , 1629. There was a memorial to Sir Alexander and his first wife in the Cathedral but this has been lost - see Notes on Some Monuments in Rochester Cathedral, (Archaeologia Cantiana - Vol. 11 1877) and Coats of Arms in Queenborough Castle (Archaeologia Cantiana - Vol. 58 1945)

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